In 1911, Vincenzo Peruggia, wanting to bring the Mona Lisa back to Italy after “It was stolen by Napoleon”, simply walked in the Louvre, lifted off the painting, took it to a nearby service staircase, removed the frame, put it under his smock, and simply walked out with it in plain sight.
Ferdinand Hodler (1853-1918) was one of the best-known Swiss painters of the nineteenth century. His early works were portraits, landscapes, and genre paintings in a realistic style. Later, he adopted a personal form of symbolism he called “Parallelism” - which emphasized the symmetry and rhythm he believed formed the basis of human society.
The work featured here, Night, marks Holdler’s turn toward symbolist imagery. It depicts several recumbent figures, all of them relaxed in sleep except for an agitated man who is menaced by a figure shrouded in black, which Hodler intended as a symbol of death.
Gertrude Greene (1904-1956) was an abstract artist from New York, NY. Gertrude and her husband, artist Balcomb Greene, were heavily involved in political activism to promote mainstream acceptance of abstract art. They were founding members of the American Abstract Artists organization.
Greene was one of the earliest American artists, possibly the first, to produce non-objective relief sculptures in the early 1930s. She synthesized Cubist and Russian Constructivists themes into her work. By the 1940s, her work showed an interest in Mondrian and Neo-Plasticism. She produced her last sculpture in 1946. Although for the rest of her life Greene concentrated on abstract painting, her paintings embodied a "sense of architectural structure"
N.C. (Newell Convers) Wyeth (1882-1945) was an American illustrator and muralist. Wyeth was raised on a farm, and he learned drafting and illustration in Boston before studying with the master illustrator Howard Pyle.
During his career, Wyeth contributed his memorable illustrations to more than 100 books, including a famous series of children’s classicsTreasure Island, Kidnapped, King Arthur, Robin Hood, and The Black Arrow, among them. He also produced numerous murals in public buildings. N.C. was the teacher of his son, the painter Andrew Wyeth.
German-American painter Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956) ( ) was a leading exponent of Expressionism—and also very much embraced the Cubist style. Feininger’s paintings and teaching activities at the Bauhaus—a German school of design, architecture and applied arts—brought a new compositional discipline and lyrical use of color into German Expressionism.