German born painter Max Ernst (1891-1976) spent most of his life in France, creating both Dada and Surrealist works. Ernst one of the leading advocates of irrationality in art, and an originator of the Automatism movement of Surrealism. Automatism--a technique used for exploring the creative force of the unconscious in art was begun by the Surrealist poets, who tried writing in a hypnotic, trancelike state. The technique was heavily influence by Freudian theory--and eventually was explored by visual artists.
Entries in Surrealism (11)
Joan Miró (1893-1983) was a Spanish Surrealist who created works based on memories and imaginative fantasies.
“The spectacle of the sky overwhelms me. I'm overwhelmed when I see, in an immense sky, the crescent of the moon, or the sun. There, in my pictures, tiny forms in huge empty spaces. Empty spaces, empty horizons, empty plains - everything which is bare has always greatly impressed me.”- Joan Miró, 1958, quoted in Twentieth-Century Artists on Art.
There are some artists who prefer to remain working in those styles for which they’re best known--while others continue to explore new approaches and evolve stylistically over the course of their careers. French painter Francis Picabia (1879-1953) was an artist who enjoyed experimentation, and is therefore associated with the Modern movements of Cubism, Orphism, Abstract Art, Dada, and Surrealism--among others.
“Thanks to a recent discovery of 14 previously unseen botanical watercolors painted in the 1960s, we are able to see a whole new side to the Surrealist master, Salvador Dali.”
Dali (1904-1989) is considered by many to be the “father of Surrealism” even though the movement he helped to create ultimately rejected him.